Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender. These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality.
HOMOPHOBIA IS THE IRRATIONAL HATRED, INTOLERANCE, AND FEAR OF LESBIAN, GAY AND BISEXUAL (LGB) PEOPLE.
These negative feelings fuel the myths, stereotypes, and discrimination that can lead to violence against LGB people.
LGB people brought up in a homophobic society can often internalise these negative stereotypes and develop varying degrees of low self-esteem and self-hatred, often described as ‘internalised homophobia’.
The word homophobia was constructed by the heterosexual psychologist George Weinberg in the late 1960s. He used homophobia to label heterosexuals’ dread of being in close quarters with homosexuals as well as homosexuals’ internalised oppression. The word first appeared in print in 1969.
For help and support, click on the links below:
- Stonewall – Stonewall works to achieve equality and justice for lesbians, gay men, bisexual and transexual people.
- LGBT Flipside – Flipside is a group for lesbian, gay, bi & trans+ young people (aged 11-25) where you can be yourself, get support, and meet others in similar situations!
- Diversity Role Models – Diversity Role Models actively seeks to prevent homophobic and transphobic bullying in UK schools.
- NHS B&D – Developed by NHS Barking and Dagenham as part of our efforts to better serve our lesbian, gay and bisexual service users and staff.
- Broken Rainbow – LGBT Domestic Violence Charity